When the periodontal probe passes from the inner portion of the gum line to the outer, what condition is indicated?
a) stage 1 periodontal disease
b) stage 3 furcation exposure
d) tooth fracture
2) The thorough process to diagnose periodontal disease involves…
a) only the visual exam
b) skipping the visual exam and going straight to intro-oral x-rays under anesthesia
c) exam room inspection, including new resources to indicate disease, probing and x-rays
d) probing only
3) Thiols are caused by…
a) anaerobic bacteria that contribute to advanced periodontal disease
b) tooth resorption
c) plaque buildup on the tooth
d) normal secretion of saliva
4) True or False, the naked eye can detect the presence of all periodontal disease that may be present?
5) What percent of the tooth is found beneath the gum line?
6) When thiols are detected using an in-clinic test…
a) a healthy mouth is indicated
b) no further action is required, the owner should continue daily oral care
c) advanced periodontal disease may be present, probing and x-rays under anesthesia are indicasted
d) periodontal disease may be present, but no further action is advised
7) True or False, periodontal disease is one of the most common conditions diagnosed in dogs and cats?
8) Stage 4 periodontal disease is often associated with…
a) No bone loss
b) 5% bone loss
c) 25% bone loss
d) 50% or greater bone loss
9) The optimal resources for intro-oral radiography includes:
a) X-ray generator
b) X-ray sensor
c) Computer and software
d) All of the above
10) True or False, if no visible periodontal disease is present, you can be confident no pathology is present beneath the gum line.